Wayanad's unique geographic positioning has led to it being renowned for having the perfect soil composition for the cultivation of perennial crops and spices. Step inside and like most visitors, one is enthralled by the sheer volume and diversity of coffee, tea, pepper, cardamom and rubber plantations, spread out over its expansive hilly terrain. Among its most obvious features is its coffee-based farming system. It is seen in every Panchayat in large plantations or in small holdings, and covers nearly one third of the total cropped area in the district. Grown both as pure crop and a mixed crop with pepper, this special variety of spice is high in demand across the world. Coconut, tea and rubber, along with a dash of vanilla, are among the other popular crops seen here.
Its valleys, however, are just perfect for paddy cultivation. Here one can also find ginger and cardamom fields. One has seen a sustained initiative at enhancing the agricultural produce and the rehabilitation of tribes, including the Sughandagiri Cardamom Project in Vythiri and Priyadarsini Tea Estates at Mananthavady. Homestead farming is regularly seen here as well, with some of the major products being coconut, arecanut, pepper, papaya, vegetables and fruit trees like mango and jack fruit.