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Kerala Cuisine Contest 2020-21

Malabar Mutton Biriyani


The Northern reaches of Malabar are historically considered a paradise for spice lovers, and the Malabar Mutton Biriyani is among the finest proponents of the same. Imagine soft, succulent and high-grade mutton being cooked perfectly in a specialised spice blend, with techniques that have been passed down for centuries. The recipe below is the authentic Malabar recipe, straight from the hills where it was first forged.

Ingredients
Mutton - 1 kg
Basmathi Rice - 1 kg
Onion - 500 g
Garlic - 50 g
Ginger - 50 g
Green Chilli - 100 g
Coriander Powder - 3 tsp.
Turmeric Powder - 1 tsp.
Red Chilli Powder - half tsp.
Tomato - 300 g
Poppy Seeds - 2 tsp.
Fresh Coconut - half cup
Coriander Leaves - 1 small bunch
Mint Leaves  - 1 small bunch
Curd - as required
Lime Juice - 4 tbsp.
Ghee - 200 g
Oil - as required
Cashew Nuts - 500 g
Raisins - 50 g
Garam Masala Powder - 2 tsp.
Salt - to taste
For Garam Masala
Cinnamon - 2 pieces
Cardamom - 3-4 pieces
Cloves - 3-4 pieces
Nutmeg - quarter
Aniseed - half tsp.
Cumin Seed - half tsp.
Mace - 2 strands

Method of Preparation
Clean mutton and cut into big pieces. Grind green chillies, ginger and garlic. Grind poppy seeds and fresh coconut and keep aside. Chop coriander leaves and mint leaves.

Heat a pressure cooker and add oil and 3/4 of the sliced onion and fry. Add ginger, garlic and green chillies and fry for 2-3 minutes. Add the coriander powder, chilli powder, turmeric powder, garam masala and sauté for some time and then add the chopped tomatoes and fry for some time. Add mutton and fry for a few minutes now add curd and salt. Cover the cooker and cook on slow fire for 15-20 minutes.

When mutton is cooked, add the ground poppy seeds and coconut and heat for few minutes and keep aside.

Wash and drain the water from the rice. Heat ghee and add rice and fry for 4-5 minutes. Add salt and double quantity of water and boil till the rice is cooked. Remove from fire.

Heat a heavy-bottomed vessel and fry onions, cashew nuts and raisins and keep aside.

Take a vessel and pour some rice and spread little coriander, mint leaves, limejuice, fried onions, cashew nuts and raisins. Put one layer of mutton over that and repeat the process till all rice and mutton are over. Cover with a heavy lid and put dish in oven or place some coals on top for 10 minutes. Serve with curd and papad.

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