The landscape of Vagamon encompasses mountainous and rugged areas on the northern part and magnificent rolling grasslands on the south. Some areas are thickly wooded with pine trees and other plants whereas in some other areas, it is rocky or grassy with velvet meadows. River Meenachil starts flowing from Vagamon and it beautifies the surroundings considerably.
The flora consists of about 200 varieties of plants, 20 varieties of grasses, about 20 acres of pine trees and rare orchids, apart from the tea plantations. About 20 varieties of balsams can be seen here. The animals found here are Small Indian Civets, porcupines, hares, Toddy cats (also known as the Asian Palm Civet), Martens, flying squirrels, Slender Loris and so on. Vagamon also has a wide variety of birds including the Malabar Grey Hornbill, the Malabar Parakeet, the Spotted Dove, the Asian Paradise Flycatcher, the Ceylon Frog Mouth, the Great Hornbill and the Hill Mynah.