Agriculture is one of the important sources of income for the populace of Kasaragod district. There are mainly three types of soil in the three natural divisions. In the highland region it is laterite. In the midland, the soil is a red ferruginous loam of laterite origin with an admixture of clay and sand. The coastal strip is sandy. The district has a very wide variety of crops. Heterogeneity of cultivation is another hallmark of the agriculture.
Forests and hilly areas comprise the eastern expanse. The forests comprise a variety of timber with teak and other plantations. The hilly areas are mostly cleared and put to private cultivation. Rubber, cashew and ginger are the important crops. In the skeletal plateau areas, cashew trees are cultivated, while in some patches, arecanut, pepper and cocoa are grown. In the coastal tract, paddy, coconut, arecanut, cashew, tobacco, vegetable and tapioca are cultivated.