Ecotourism or ecological tourism mainly revolves around sustainable tourism practices that take into consideration ecological as well as social factors. It provides an insight into the preservation of ecology and aims at creating awareness on its importance among both tourists and the local populace.
Another important factor of ecotourism is the involvement of the local population. It focuses on volunteering while teaching new ways to live on the planet to ensure personal growth. It asserts a way of living that is in harmony with Nature. Eco-tourism mainly centres around travel destinations that are rich in flora, fauna, and the other bounties of Nature.
Apart from conserving the cultural heritage, the practices involved in responsible ecotourism programmes try to minimise the negative impacts of conventional tourism on the environment and people. The programmes also encourages recycling, the efficient use of energy and water conservation. Moreover, it creates economic opportunities for local communities.