Thazhathangadi, two km from Kottayam town, was once the trade centre of Kerala. It was in the 17th and 18th centuries that it grew as a trading centre, thanks to its strategic location and its easy access through the waterways. Transportation at the time was solely through the waterways.
The narrow streets of Thazhathangadi were once bustling with the loading and unloading of goods to and from places as far away as Central Asia, Egypt and China. It was with the advent of the road transport network and the decline of the port of Alappuzha as a port that the town lost its glory. The houses constructed during the heydays of the town can be seen as made largely with wood and exhibiting the architectural peculiarities of the time.
The town’s prominence was mentioned in many books written in the early 19th century. Lieutenants Ward and Connor, of the British Army, referred to it in their Memoir of the Survey of Travancore and Cochin. They described the place as happening, with busy ports and ships setting sail to various Asian countries.
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